Keiron Bailey

About Keiron Bailey

Normative rhetorics of inclusion, participation, collaboration and transparency permeate institutional discourses but metrics and hard data on large-scale process performance are elusive. My research focuses on high performance participatory systems and the potential contribution of collaborative geovisual and geospatial systems to better governance. For example, the Structured Public Involvement or SPI protocol has been adapted and applied to a wide range of public goods management issues from nuclear plant remediation and energy futures to transit development and urban planning.  I am interested in testing cultural factors that shape response to participation methods including SPI and in developing an international participation action collective to identify and address the interstitial and paradoxically non-fundable questions of how to make participation work for the so-called silent majority.


Areas of Study

Keywords: Justice, participation, collaboration, GI Science

Areas of interest

Intersections between governance and public goods management.

Rawlsian Justice and other philosophies of public involvement for public goods management

Design, delivery and measurement of high-performance collaborative systems e.g. participatory GI Science using geovisualization and geospatial systems.

Internationalization and English langauge learning in East Asia.

Airline networks


Collective Intelligence and the Apocalypse

Analysis of the Arnstein Gap

High performance group processes and public involvement using adapted Rawlsian justice

Development of geovisual and geospatial methods to improve process quality.

Definition and validation of stakeholder Q(quality)-metric for process quality.

Innovator and co-developer of the Structured Public Involvement protocol; Casewise Visual Evaluation; Analytic Minimum Impedance Surface methods.

Defined and measured Arnstein Gap.

Competitive research funding, including NSF, FTA, FHWA and Arizona Board of Regents.

Professional awards, such as TRB Herrington Award for Excellence in Visualization

Thirteen thousand stakeholders included in SPI protocols.  Mean Q-score for all SPI protocols 8.1

Projects include large context-sensitive bridge design, nuclear plant end-state land use planning; transportation and land use planning; electric power transmission line and highway corridor routing; transit-oriented development; noisewall design; highway rehabilitation; design for highway safety; predictive archaeological modeling.

Collaboration with Federal, State and local governments, NGOs and private contractors to design and deliver high-performance public involvement protocols.

Numerous national and international workshops, training classes and presentations delivered.

All work accomplished with partners Dr. Ted Grossardt (University of Kentucky) and Mr. John Ripy (University of Kentucky) as well as numerous other collaborators in civil and electrical engineering, planning, architecture, landscape architecture and public administration.

Research Interests

High performance participatory and collaborative systems (design, delivery and performance measurement)

Structured Public Involvement

Other participatory methods (e.g. deliberative democracy, town hall meetings, focus groups, online participation)

Governance, esp. "Participation, Collaboration and Transparency" (Open Government Directive 2009)

Economic geography of East Asia

English language learning in East Asia

Key Google terms:

Structured Public Involvement
Arnstein Gap
Casewise Visual Evaluation
Analytic Minimum Impedance Surface

Eikaiwa Wonderland

Charisma Man Mythology

Selected Publications

2018.  Transportation Planning and Public Participation: Theory, Process and Practice.  Elsevier.

2018.  Collaborative Geodesign for Alternative Fuel Station Location Using "Collablocation" Software.  Transportation Research Record. (Kuby, M., Bailey, K., Wei F., Fowler, J., Tong, D., Zhong Q., Lopez, O., Shaeffer, W.).

[First publication of ABOR-RIF funded project to investigate multistakeholder collaborative location decisionmaking using the dynamic online geovisual platform COLLABLOCATION, jointly developed by ASU and UA]

2015.  "High Performance Public Involvement: Frameworks, Performance Measures and Data." Transportation Research Record 2499: 45-53 (with T. Grossardt and J. Ripy)

[Definition and explanation of QICE public involvement performance framework; also presented at TRB Annual Meeting 2015]

2012.  "Towards Environmental Justice in Transportation Decision Making with Structured Public Involvement."  Transportation Research Record 2320: 102-110 (with T. Grossardt, J. Ripy).

[Relevance of SPI to Environmental Justice; preliminary QICE performance framework]

2011. "Planning, technology, and legitimacy: structured public involvement in integrated transportation and land-use planning in the United States."  Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 38(3): 447 – 467 (with B. Blandford, T. Grossardt, J. Ripy).

[Documents Arnstein Gap among planning profession and stakeholders]

2010. "Towards Structured Public Involvement: Justice, Geography and Collaborative Geovisual/Geospatial Decision Support Systems."  Annals of the Association of American Geographers 100(1): 57-82 (with T. Grossardt).

[Sets out the core principles of Rawlsian Justice around which the SPI protocol is designed.  Presents case study and performance evidence from a number of SPI applications]

2010. "Use Of Structured Public Involvement For Identifying Community Preferences For A Superfund Site End State Vision."  World Environnemtal Water Resource Congress.  American Society of Civil Engineers. (With T. Grossardt, J. Ripy and B. Blandford).

[First application of SPI to nuclear plant future visioning]

2009.  "A New Method for Public Involvement in Electric Power Transmission Line Routing." Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Transactions on Power Delivery 24(4): 2240-2247. (With W. Jewell, T. Grossardt, R. Gill).

[Summary of NSF-funded collaborative powerline routing project.  First application of SPI to energy facilities and infrastructure]

2007. "Structured Public Involvement in Context-Sensitive Large Bridge Design Using Casewise Visual Evaluation: Case Study of Section 2 of Ohio River Bridges Project."  Transportation Research Record 2028: 19-27.  (With T. Grossardt, J. Ripy, L. Toole, J.B. Williams and M. Dietrick).

[First application of SPI to large-scale context sensitive bridge design.  Large scale high performance public involvement was delivered and measured]

2006. Marketing the eikaiwa wonderland: ideology, akogare and gender alterities in English conversation school advertising in Japan.  Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 24(1): 105-130.

[First publication on the eikaiwa wonderland]

2006.  Addressing the Arnstein Gap: Improving Public Confidence in Transportation Planning and Design through Structured Public Involvement (SPI).  pp.337-341 in Proceedings of the 11th International CORP Conference on Urban Planning and Spatial Development for the Information Society.  CORP: Vienna, Austria.

[First publication detailing the Arnstein Gap.  The Arnstein Gap has since been measured and published in urban planning, transportation, and environmental management cases.  See Annals, Environment and Planning B and other articles]

2002.  Integrating Visualization into Structured Public Involvement: Case Study of Highway Improvement in Central Kentucky.  Transportation Research Record 1817: 50-57.  (With T. Grossardt, J. Brumm).

[First published article on the Structured Public Involvement or SPI method.  SPI has since been applied to numerous planning, engineering, design, environmental management and energy futures]

2001.  “AMIS:  Geographic Information System-based corridor planning methodology” Transportation Research Record 1768: 224-232. [With T. Grossardt, J. Brumm]

[First published article detailing the Analytic Minimum Impedance Surface or AMIS method.  AMIS is a hybrid GIS/AHP  platform for integration and commensuration of stakeholder values for landscape factors.  AMIS has since been adapted and applied to electric power transmission line corridors]

2001  “Towards Structured Public Involvement in Highway Design: A Comparative Study of Visualization Methods and Preference Modeling using CAVE (Casewise Visual Evaluation),” Journal of Geographic Information and Decision Analysis 5: 1-15. [With T. Grossardt, J. Brumm]

[First published article detailing the Casewise Visual Evaluation or CAVE method.  CAVE is a fuzzy system based visual evaluation methodology.  CAVE has since been applied to numerous case studies e.g transit-oriented development, large context-sensitive bridge design, noisewall design and others]

For more on SPI, simply Google "Structured Public Involvement"
For more on the eikaiwa wonderland, just Google "eikaiwa wonderland"

Keiron Bailey's picture

Contact Information

Keiron Bailey
Associate Professor
Telephone: 520-626-4096
Fax: 520-621-2889
Office: ENR2 S522


Ph.D.  2002.  Geography.  University of Kentucky
M.A. 1996. Geography.  University of Hawai'i
B.Sc. 1991. Geography. University of Birmingham.
B.Eng 1988. Mechanical Engineering. University of Birmingham

Dissertation Title

Living in the eikaiwa wonderland

Courses Taught

GEOG696A Economic Geography seminar
GEOG416/516E Geovisualization
GEOG471 Problems in Regional Development
GEOG305 Economic Geography
GEOG222 Geographic Techniques

GEOG454 Regional Analysis
GEOG416A/516A Computer Cartography
GEOG152 Introductory Human Geography (Kentucky)
GEOG160 Lands and Peoples of the Nonwestern World (kentucky)